Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Satellites of satellites: The case for Carina and Fornax

Pardy, SA, D'Onghia, E, Navarro, JF, Grand, R, Gómez, FA, Marinacci, F, Pakmor, R, Simpson, C and Springel, V (2019) Satellites of satellites: The case for Carina and Fornax. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 492 (2). pp. 1543-1549. ISSN 0035-8711

stz3192.pdf - Published Version

Download (513kB) | Preview


We use the Auriga cosmological simulations of Milky Way (MW)-mass galaxies and their surroundings to study the satellite populations of dwarf galaxies in lambda-cold dark matter. As expected from prior work, the number of satellites above a fixed stellar mass is a strong function of the mass of the primary dwarf. For galaxies as luminous as the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), and for haloes as massive as expected for the LMC (from its rotation speed), the simulations predict about ∼3 satellites with stellar masses exceeding M∗ > 105 M⊙. If the LMC is on its first pericentric passage, then these satellites should be near the LMC and should have orbital angular momenta roughly coincident with that of the LMC. We use 3D positions and velocities from the 2nd data release of the Gaia mission to revisit which of the 'classical' MW dwarf spheroidals could plausibly be LMC satellites. The new proper motions of the Fornax and Carina dwarf spheroidals place them on orbits closely aligned with the orbital plane of the Magellanic Clouds, hinting at a potential Magellanic association. Together with the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), this result raises to 3, the number of LMC satellites with M∗ > 105 M⊙, as expected from simulations. This also fills the 12 mag luminosity gap between the SMC and the ultrafaints Hyi1, Car2, Hor1, and Car3, the few ultrafaint satellites confirmed to have orbits consistent with a Magellanic origin.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2019 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences; Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2023 12:00
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2023 12:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1093/mnras/stz3192
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/19307
View Item View Item