Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Targeted health and social care interventions for women and infants who are disproportionately impacted by health inequalities in high-income countries: a systematic review

Khan, Z, Vowles, Z, Fernandez Turienzo, C, Barry, Z, Brigante, L, Downe, S, Easter, A, Harding, S, McFadden, A, Montgomery, E, Page, L, Rayment-Jones, H, Renfrew, M, Silverio, SA, Spiby, H, Villarroel-Williams, N and Sandall, J (2023) Targeted health and social care interventions for women and infants who are disproportionately impacted by health inequalities in high-income countries: a systematic review. International journal for equity in health, 22 (1). ISSN 1475-9276

Khan, Vowles, et al., (2023) - Inequalities Interventions in Maternity - International Journal for Equity in Health.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview


BACKGROUND: Disadvantaged populations (such as women from minority ethnic groups and those with social complexity) are at an increased risk of poor outcomes and experiences. Inequalities in health outcomes include preterm birth, maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, and poor-quality care. The impact of interventions is unclear for this population, in high-income countries (HIC). The review aimed to identify and evaluate the current evidence related to targeted health and social care service interventions in HICs which can improve health inequalities experienced by childbearing women and infants at disproportionate risk of poor outcomes and experiences. METHODS: Twelve databases searched for studies across all HICs, from any methodological design. The search concluded on 8/11/22. The inclusion criteria included interventions that targeted disadvantaged populations which provided a component of clinical care that differed from standard maternity care. RESULTS: Forty six index studies were included. Countries included Australia, Canada, Chile, Hong Kong, UK and USA. A narrative synthesis was undertaken, and results showed three intervention types: midwifery models of care, interdisciplinary care, and community-centred services. These intervention types have been delivered singularly but also in combination of each other demonstrating overlapping features. Overall, results show interventions had positive associations with primary (maternal, perinatal, and infant mortality) and secondary outcomes (experiences and satisfaction, antenatal care coverage, access to care, quality of care, mode of delivery, analgesia use in labour, preterm birth, low birth weight, breastfeeding, family planning, immunisations) however significance and impact vary. Midwifery models of care took an interpersonal and holistic approach as they focused on continuity of carer, home visiting, culturally and linguistically appropriate care and accessibility. Interdisciplinary care took a structural approach, to coordinate care for women requiring multi-agency health and social services. Community-centred services took a place-based approach with interventions that suited the need of its community and their norms. CONCLUSION: Targeted interventions exist in HICs, but these vary according to the context and infrastructure of standard maternity care. Multi-interventional approaches could enhance a targeted approach for at risk populations, in particular combining midwifery models of care with community-centred approaches, to enhance accessibility, earlier engagement, and increased attendance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Premature Birth; Pregnancy; Developed Countries; Social Support; Social Work; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Maternal Health Services; Female; Community care; Disadvantage; Ethnic minority; Health inequality; High-income country; Interdisciplinary care; Midwife models; Social complexity; Targeted intervention; Infant, Newborn; Pregnancy; Female; Humans; Infant; Developed Countries; Maternal Health Services; Premature Birth; Social Support; Social Work; 1117 Public Health and Health Services; 1608 Sociology; Public Health
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2023 07:36
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2023 08:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1186/s12939-023-01948-w
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/20585
View Item View Item