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The relative importance of different perceptual-cognitive skills during anticipation

North, JS, Hope, E and Williams, AM (2016) The relative importance of different perceptual-cognitive skills during anticipation. HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE, 49. pp. 170-177. ISSN 0167-9457

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We examined whether anticipation is underpinned by perceiving structured patterns or postural cues and whether the relative importance of these processes varied as a function of task constraints. Skilled and less-skilled soccer players completed anticipation paradigms in video-film and point light display (PLD) format. Skilled players anticipated more accurately regardless of display condition, indicating that both perception of structured patterns between players and postural cues contribute to anticipation. However, the Skill × Display interaction showed skilled players’ advantage was enhanced in the video-film condition, suggesting that they make better use of postural cues when available during anticipation. We also examined anticipation as a function of proximity to the ball. When participants were near the ball, anticipation was more accurate for video-film than PLD clips, whereas when the ball was far away there was no difference between viewing conditions. Perceiving advance postural cues appears more important than structured patterns when the ball is closer to the observer, whereas the reverse is true when the ball is far away. Various perceptual-cognitive skills contribute to anticipation with the relative importance of perceiving structured patterns and advance postural cues being determined by task constraints and the availability of perceptual information.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Social Sciences; Life Sciences & Biomedicine; Neurosciences; Psychology; Psychology, Experimental; Sport Sciences; Neurosciences & Neurology; Expertise; Visual perception; Postural cues; Task constraints; Pattern perception; VISUAL-SEARCH BEHAVIOR; TASK CONSTRAINTS; PERCEIVING PATTERNS; CHESS POSITIONS; RECOGNITION; PERFORMANCE; EXPERTISE; MEMORY; SPORT; SOCCER; Humans; Cues; Problem Solving; Distance Perception; Pattern Recognition, Visual; Motion Perception; Motor Skills; Posture; Soccer; Video Recording; Adult; Female; Male; Young Adult; Anticipation, Psychological; Expertise; Pattern perception; Postural cues; Task constraints; Visual perception; Adult; Anticipation, Psychological; Cues; Distance Perception; Female; Humans; Male; Motion Perception; Motor Skills; Pattern Recognition, Visual; Posture; Problem Solving; Soccer; Video Recording; Young Adult; 09 Engineering; 11 Medical and Health Sciences; 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences; Experimental Psychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2023 07:31
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2023 08:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.humov.2016.06.013
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/20867
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