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A Study on the Viability of Fuel Cells as an Alternative to Diesel Fuel Generators on Ships

Seyfi, H, Hitchmough, D, Armin, M and Blanco-Davis, E (2023) A Study on the Viability of Fuel Cells as an Alternative to Diesel Fuel Generators on Ships. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 11 (8). ISSN 2077-1312

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This study investigates methods for reducing air pollution in the shipping sector, particularly in port areas. The study examines the use of fuel cells as an alternative to diesel generators. Environmental pollution at ports remains a critical issue, so using fuel cells as an alternative to conventional energy systems warrants further research. This study compares commercial fuel cell types that can be used on a case study very large crude carrier (VLCC) vessel specifically, although the technology is applicable to other vessels and requirements. Seven different fuel cell types were ranked based on five criteria to accomplish this. The proton-exchange membrane cell type was found to be the most suitable fuel cell type for the case study vessel. Based on the input fuel, ammonia-based hydrogen storage has been identified as the most promising option, along with using an ammonia reforming unit to produce pure hydrogen. Furthermore, this study provides an integrated fuel cell module and highlights the economic, environmental, and maintenance aspects of implementing the proton-exchange membrane fuel cell module for this case study. It also calculates the required space as a crucial constraint of implementing fuel cell technology at sea.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0405 Oceanography; 0704 Fisheries Sciences; 0911 Maritime Engineering
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: MDPI
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2023 08:21
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2023 08:30
DOI or ID number: 10.3390/jmse11081489
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21427
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