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A proposed method for differentiating knives from cut marks on bone: A forensic anthropological approach

Ghui, M, Eliopoulos, C and Borrini, M (2023) A proposed method for differentiating knives from cut marks on bone: A forensic anthropological approach. Medicine, Science and the Law. ISSN 0025-8024

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Knife cut marks have been extensively studied in forensic literature, and the results have been beneficial in identifying both the cut mark and implement type on bone. For this study, an assessment in differentiating knife cut marks has been attempted by using sword cut mark characteristics. In addition, a flowchart was created to assist in interpreting such marks. Knives of different serrations (non-serrated, macro- and micro-serrated) were used to inflict cut marks on pig ribs with a forward and backward stab thrust. The analysis revealed that some traits adapted from previous studies applied to knife cut marks and that non-serrated and serrated marks could be distinguished accurately using the flowchart. The distinction between different types of serrated blades was not as successful. However, results show that further research and development of the flowchart can be invaluable in similar analyses.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences; 1801 Law
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (from Sep 19)
Publisher: SAGE Publications
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2023 13:09
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2023 13:09
DOI or ID number: 10.1177/00258024231198912
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21503
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