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Evidence for a luminosity-decay correlation in GRB GeV light curves

Hinds, KR, Oates, SR, Nicholl, M, Patel, J, Omodei, N, Gompertz, B, Racusin, JL and Ryan, G (2023) Evidence for a luminosity-decay correlation in GRB GeV light curves. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 526 (3). pp. 3400-3406. ISSN 0035-8711

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Correlations between intrinsic properties of gamma-ray burst (GRB) light curves provide clues to the nature of the central engine, the jet, and a possible means to standardize GRBs for cosmological use. Here, we report on the discovery of a correlation between the intrinsic early-time luminosity, LG,10 s, measured at rest frame 10 s, and the average decay rate measured from rest frame 10 s onward, αG,avg>10 s, in a sample of 13 Fermi Large Area Telescope long GRB light curves. We note that our selection criteria, in particular the requirement for a redshift to construct luminosity light curves, naturally limits our sample to energetic GRBs. A Spearman’s rank correlation gives a coefficient of –0.74, corresponding to a confidence level of 99.6 per cent, indicating that brighter afterglows decay faster than less luminous ones. Assuming a linear relation with log(LG,10s), we find αG,avg>10 s= −0.31+0.12 −0.09 log(LG,10s) + 14.43+4.55 −5.97. The slope of −0.31 is consistent at 1σ with previously identified correlations in the optical/ultraviolet and X-ray light curves. We speculate that differences in the rate at which energy is released by the central engine or differences in observer viewing angle may be responsible for the correlation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.HE; astro-ph.HE
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2023 11:31
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2023 11:31
DOI or ID number: 10.1093/mnras/stad2875
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21814
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