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Future Prospects for Macro Rainwater Harvesting (RWH) Technique in North East Iraq

Al-Ansari, N, Abdellatif, M, Zakaria, S, Mustafa, YT and Knutsson, S (2014) Future Prospects for Macro Rainwater Harvesting (RWH) Technique in North East Iraq. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 06 (05). pp. 403-420. ISSN 1945-3094

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Countries in Middle East and North Africa (MENA region) are considered arid and semi-arid areas that are suffering from water scarcity. They are expected to have more water shortages problem due to climatic change. Iraq is located in the Middle East covering an area of 433,970 square kilometers populated by 31 million inhabitants.
One of the solutions suggested to overcome water scarcity is Rain Water Harvesting (RWH). In this study Macro rain-water harvesting technique had been tested for future rainfall data that were predicted by two emission scenarios of climatic change (A2 and B2) for the period 2020-2099 at Sulaimaniyah Governorate north east of Iraq.
Future volumes of total runoff that might be harvested for different conditions of maximum, average, and minimum future rainfall seasons under both scenarios (A2 and B2) were calculated.
The results indicate that the volumes of average harvested runoff will be reduced when average rainfall seasons are considered due to the effect of climatic change on future rainfall. The reduction reached 10.82 % and 43.0% when scenarios A2 and B2 are considered respectively.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2015 13:22
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 13:52
DOI or ID number: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.65041
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2203

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