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Current practices in weight making sport

Langan-Evans, C, Crighton, B, Kasper, A, Martin, D and Wilson, G (2017) Current practices in weight making sport. The Sport and Exercise Scientist (54). pp. 8-9.

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All combat and a number of non-combat sports follow differing degrees of weight categorisation (see Table 1) and there are also a number of aesthetically judged sports where it is considered advantageous to have the lowest fat mass possible, including gymnastics, body building, bikini modelling, etc. The rationale for weight categorisation is to promote fairer competition between competitors of equal size/body mass and stature/height (Langan-Evans et al., 2011). However, many weight categorised athletes lose large amounts of body mass to gain a competitive advantage in either height, limb length or power to mass ratio. Several studies have shown these athletes employ short duration or ‘rapid weight loss’ (RWL) techniques, whereas others maintain low energy availability over prolonged periods of time. As such, a recent article has called for RWL to be banned (Artioli et al., 2016) and others have highlighted the dangers of consistently reduced energy availability (Mountjoy et al., 2014). This article highlights some of the body mass loss practices employed by athletes across a range of sports and demonstrate the impact that this has on psychophysiological health.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: First published in The Sport and Exercise Scientist, Winter 2017, Issue 54. Published by the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences - www.bases.org.uk
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV561 Sports
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: British Association of Sport & Exercise Science
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2024 14:59
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2024 15:00
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22477
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