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Diversity of bacteria associated with lichens in Mt. Yunmeng in Beijing, China

Li, Y, Huang, Y, Wronski, T and Huang, M (2023) Diversity of bacteria associated with lichens in Mt. Yunmeng in Beijing, China. PeerJ, 11. pp. 1-15. ISSN 2167-8359

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Lichens host highly complex and diverse microbial communities, which may perform essential functions in these symbiotic micro-ecosystems. In this research, sequencing of 16S rRNA was used to investigate the bacterial communities associated with lichens of two growth forms (foliose and crustose). Results showed that Pseudomonadota, Actinomycetota and Acidobacteriota were dominant phyla in both types of lichens, while Acetobacterales and Hyphomicrobiales were the dominant orders. Alpha diversity index showed that the richness of bacteria hosted by foliose lichens was significantly higher than that hosted by crustose ones. Principal co-ordinates analysis showed a significant difference between beta diversity of the foliose lichen-associated bacterial communities and those of crustose lichen-associated ones. Gene function prediction showed most functions, annotated by the lichen-associated bacteria, to be related to metabolism, suggesting that related bacteria may provide nutrients to their hosts. Generally, our results propose that microbial communities play important roles in fixing nitrogen, providing nutrients, and controlling harmful microorganisms, and are therefore an integral and indispensable part of lichens.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lichens; Bacteria; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S; Microbiota; Beijing; Associated bacteria; Growth form; Lichens; Nitrogen fixation; Lichens; Beijing; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S; Bacteria; Microbiota; 06 Biological Sciences; 11 Medical and Health Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (from Sep 19)
Publisher: PeerJ
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2024 15:28
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 15:30
DOI or ID number: 10.7717/peerj.16442
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22817
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