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Cognitive bias tasks: A new set of approaches to assess welfare in nonhuman primates

Bethell, EJ and Pfefferle, D (2023) Cognitive bias tasks: A new set of approaches to assess welfare in nonhuman primates. In: Robinson, LM and Weiss, A, (eds.) Nonhuman Primate Welfare: From History, Science, and Ethics to Practice. Springer International Publishing, pp. 207-230. ISBN 9783030827076

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At the start of the new millennium, the "cognitive bias" paradigm emerged as a new approach to assessing animal emotion. In the animal welfare literature, cognitive bias describes how emotions such as anxiety and depression are associated with changes in the way the brain processes information. For example, studies with humans have long demonstrated that anxious people are more vigilant for negative cues and depressed people interpret the proverbial glass of water as "half empty" rather than "half full. " In this chapter, we review how methods developed to study cognitive bias in humans have been adapted to measure the interaction between emotion and cognition in nonhuman primates. We focus on judgment bias and attention bias tasks and discuss study design, controls, confounds, and advantages and limitations of each. We also indicate future research directions. This chapter is intended to introduce readers with little or no experience of cognitive bias tasks to theory and practical considerations around designing these tasks.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (from Sep 19)
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 24 May 2024 15:16
Last Modified: 24 May 2024 15:16
DOI or ID number: 10.1007/978-3-030-82708-3_9
Editors: Robinson, LM and Weiss, A
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23368
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