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Two contemporaneous mitogenomes from terminal Pleistocene burials in eastern Beringia

Tackney, JC, Potter, BA, Raff, J, Powers, M, Watkins, WS, Warner, D, Reuther, JD, Irish, JD and O’Rourke, DH (2015) Two contemporaneous mitogenomes from terminal Pleistocene burials in eastern Beringia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112 (45). pp. 13833-13838. ISSN 0027-8424

Tackney et al PNAS 2015 JDI small.pdf - Accepted Version

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Pleistocene residential sites with multiple contemporaneous human burials are extremely rare in the Americas. We report mitochondrial genomic variation in the first multiple mitochondrial genomes from a single prehistoric population: two infant burials (USR1 and USR2) from a common interment at the Upward Sun River Site in central Alaska dating to ~11,500 calendar years before present (cal B.P.). Using a targeted capture method and next-generation sequencing we determined that the USR1 infant possessed variants that define mitochondrial lineage C1b, while the USR2 genome falls at the root of lineage B2, allowing us to refine younger coalescence age estimates for these two clades. C1b and B2 are rare to absent in modern populations of Northern North America. Documentation of these lineages at this location in the Late Pleistocene provides evidence for the extent of mitochondrial diversity in early Beringian populations, which supports the expectations of the Beringian Standstill Model.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MD Multidisciplinary
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CB History of civilization
C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Divisions: Natural Sciences & Psychology (closed 31 Aug 19)
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2016 10:25
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2022 12:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1073/pnas.1511903112
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2422
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