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The Crucial Role of Working Memory in Intellectual Functioning

Cornoldi, C and Giofré, D (2014) The Crucial Role of Working Memory in Intellectual Functioning. European Psychologist, 19 (4). pp. 260-268. ISSN 1016-9040

Cornoldi, C., & Giofrè, D. (2014). The crucial role of working memory in intellectual functioning. European Psychologist, 19, 260–268. doi10.10271016-9040a000183.pdf - Accepted Version

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Cognitive psychology offers an important contribution to the understanding of the mechanisms underlying intelligence. In this paper, we synthesize the research showing that, among the different cognitive mechanisms associated with intelligence, working memory has a particularly high explanatory power, especially when considered in its active component involving not only the maintenance (as in short-term memory) but also the manipulation of information. The paper considers two main implications of this finding for the applied and clinical fields. For a start, we examine how intelligence tests take into consideration working memory. Secondly, we consider the highly debated literature on the effects of working memory training on intellectual performance. Theoretical and applied implications for the relationship between working memory and intelligence are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article does not exactly replicate the final version published in the journal European Psychologist. It is not a copy of the original published article and is not suitable for citation.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Natural Sciences & Psychology (closed 31 Aug 19)
Publisher: Hogrefe
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 09:42
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 13:38
DOI or ID number: 10.1027/1016-9040/a000183
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2623
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