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Effect of Fat and CHO Meals on Intermittent Exercise in Soccer Players

Hulton, AT, Edwards, JP, Gregson, W, MacLaren, D and Doran, DA (2013) Effect of Fat and CHO Meals on Intermittent Exercise in Soccer Players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34 (2). pp. 165-169. ISSN 0172-4622

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Pre-exercise meals containing carbohydrates (CHO) are recommended to athletes, although there is evidence to suggest that a high fat meal prior to exercise increases utilisation of fats yet may not adversely affect performance. This study investigated the effect of a high fat and high CHO pre-exercise meal prior to high intensity intermittent exercise. Ten male recreational soccer players
performed a soccer specific protocol followed by a 1 km time trial 3 ½ h after ingesting one of 2 test meals, high fat meal (HFM) or a high CHO meal (HCM). Blood glucose, fatty acids (FA), glycerol, β-hydroxybutyrate, lactate and insulin were assessed prior to the meal, pre-exercise, halftime, and post-exercise, whilst rates of CHO and fat oxidation were determined at 4 time points during the exercise as well as heart rate (HR) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Significant increases in FA, glycerol, β-hydroxybutyrate and fat oxidation after the HFM were observed, while CHO oxidation was significantly higher following the HCM (P < 0.05). No performance effect was
found for the 1 km time trial (HFM: 228.6+14.4 s; HCM: 229.4+26.5 s) (mean+SD). These findings suggest that the type of meal ingested prior to soccer simulated exercise has an impact on metabolism, but not on the subsequent performance as determined in the present study.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science, 0913 Mechanical Engineering
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2015 10:18
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 14:46
DOI or ID number: 10.1055/s-0032-1321798
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/289
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