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Shemilt, K (2015) QUALITY HEALTHCARE IN NHS HOSPITALS: THE IMPACT OF PRESCRIBING SYSTEMS. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

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The National Health Service (NHS) focuses on quality of care as a priority. With the NHS planning to go paperless by 2018, more hospitals in England are making the transition from paper to electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) systems. The aim of this programme of work was to understand and explore the influence different in-patient prescribing systems can have on key NHS healthcare professionals (doctors, nurses and pharmacists) working practices in England and quality healthcare.The programme of work, a three phase sequential design, used both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The first phase involved structured telephone interviews with chief pharmacists. Chief pharmacist interviews (n=65) focused upon the type of in-patient prescribing systems in use within each Trust and gained a management perspective of the different prescribing systems. Phases two and three were carried out at three acute NHS hospitals in England, at various stages of developing and implementing their prescribing systems. Phase two data were collected through multidisciplinary team (MDT) focus group discussions. The MDT discussions explored a number of areas associated with the prescribing systems in use: these included clinical workflow, communication, collaboration, patient safety and the use of a clinical indication on the prescription chart. Phase three data were collected using documentation analysis of the prescribing system and medical records, taken from patients cared for by the MDTs involved in phase two. Information extracted included any documentation made of a newly initiated medication, as well as the design of the prescribing system. The clarity and accuracy of documentation in the prescribing system and medical notes were compared to the GMC standards Good Practice in Prescribing Guidelines.Triangulation of data indicated how a change in prescribing system can impact upon individuals working practices by changing the design and clarity of the prescription chart, enforcing of regulations, accessibility and reliability, communication between key HCPs and the patient. These influences can be considered latent conditions in the systems that need addressing to prevent quality of patient care being compromised. The use of Socio-technical systems (STS) theory considered the interaction between humans and technology when using the prescribing systems. Understanding the issues where social and technical aspects interact in the prescribing system, emphasised where healthcare quality is impacted and therefore facilitated recommendations to improve working practices.The findings will help healthcare organisations to consider the impact a change in prescribing system can have on working practices and the latent failures that need consideration within the prescribing systems. The Electronic Prescribing and Medicines Administration (EPMA) system design must take into account the visual and physical needs of the user and consider how they can be improved to facilitate clinical workflow.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prescribing, Electronic, Paper, Hospital.
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2016 11:44
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 23:26
DOI or ID number: 10.24377/LJMU.t.00004357
Supervisors: Morecroft, Charles, Ford, Jim and Mackridge, Adam
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4357
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