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The Circum-Galactic Medium of MASsive Spirals. I. An Overview and a Case Study of NGC 5908

Jiang-Tao, L, Bregman, Q, Wang, D, Crain, RA and Anderson, M (2016) The Circum-Galactic Medium of MASsive Spirals. I. An Overview and a Case Study of NGC 5908. Astrophysical Journal, 830 (2). ISSN 0004-637X

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The Circum-Galactic Medium of MASsive Spirals (CGM-MASS) is a project studying the overall content, physical and chemical properties, and spatial distributions of the multi-phase circum-galactic medium (CGM) around a small sample of the most massive isolated spiral galaxies in the local Universe. We introduce the sample and present a detailed case study of the XMM-Newton observation of the hot gas halo of NGC5908. After data calibration, point source removal, and background analysis, we find that the diffuse soft X-ray emission of NGC5908 is significantly more extended than the stellar light in the vertical direction. The 0.5-1.25keV radial intensity profile tracing hot gas emission can be detected above the background out to about 2′, or 30 kpc from the nucleus. The unresolved soft X-ray emission can be characterized with a β-model with a slope of β≈0.68. The unresolved 0.5-2keV luminosity within 1′ is 6.8×1039 ergs s−1, but young stellar sources may contribute significantly to it. Assuming a metallicity of 0.2solar, an upper limit (without subtracting the very uncertain young stellar contribution) to the mass of hot gas within this radius is 2.3×109 M⊙. The cooling radius is rcool≈25 kpc or ≈0.06r200, within which the hot gas could cool radiatively in less than 10Gyr, and the cooling of hot gas could significantly contribute in replenishing the gas consumed in star formation. The hot gas accounts for ≈1.9% of the baryon detected within the cooling radius. By comparing NGC5908 to other galaxies, we find that its X-ray luminosity per stellar mass is consistent with lower-mass non-starburst field spiral galaxies. However, a large scatter in hot gas soft X-ray emissivity is indicated for spiral galaxies with M∗≳2×1011 M⊙.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astronomical Society; IOP Publishing
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2016 14:23
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 12:19
DOI or ID number: 10.3847/0004-637X/830/2/134
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4737
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