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Lexical neighborhood effects in pseudoword spelling

Tainturier, M-J, Bosse, M-L, Roberts, DJ, Valdois, S and Rapp, B (2013) Lexical neighborhood effects in pseudoword spelling. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 4. pp. 1-8. ISSN 1664-1078

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The general aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of the cognitive processes that underpin skilled adult spelling. More specifically, it investigates the influence of lexical neighbors on pseudo-word spelling with the goal of providing a more detailed account of the interaction between lexical and sublexical sources of knowledge in spelling. In prior research examining this topic, adult participants typically heard lists composed of both words and pseudo-words and had to make a lexical decision to each stimulus before writing the pseudo-words. However, these priming paradigms are susceptible to strategic influence and may therefore not give a clear picture of the processes normally engaged in spelling unfamiliar words. In our two Experiments involving 71 French-speaking literate adults, only pseudo-words we represented which participants were simply requested to write to dictation using the first spelling that came to mind. Unbeknownst to participants, pseudo-words varied according to whether they did or did not have a phonological word neighbor. Results revealed that low-probability yphoneme/grapheme mapping(e.g.,/o/-> aud in French)were used significantly more often in spelling pseudo-words with a close phonological lexical neighbour with that spelling(e.g.,/krepo/derived from “crapaud,”/krapo/)than in spelling pseudo-words with no close neighbors(e.g.,/frøpo/).In addition, the strength of this lexical influence increased with the lexical frequency of the word neighbors as well as with their degree of phonetic overlap with the pseudoword targets. These results indicate that information from lexical and sublexical processes is integrated in the course of spelling, and a specific theoretical account as to how such integration may occur is introduced.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. It is reproduced with permission.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Natural Sciences & Psychology (closed 31 Aug 19)
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Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2015 10:06
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 14:40
DOI or ID number: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00862
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/477
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