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A distance-limited sample of massive star-forming cores from the RMS survey

Maud, LT, Lumsden, SL, Moore, TJT, Mottram, JC, Urquhart, JS and Cicchini, A (2015) A distance-limited sample of massive star-forming cores from the RMS survey. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 452 (1). pp. 637-655. ISSN 0035-8711

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We analyse C18O (J = 3−2) data from a sample of 99 infrared (IR)-bright massive young stellar objects (MYSOs) and compact H ii regions that were identified as potential molecular-outflow sources in the Red MSX Source survey. We extract a distance-limited (D < 6 kpc) sample shown to be representative of star formation covering the transition between the source types. At the spatial resolution probed, Larson-like relationships are found for these cores, though the alternative explanation, that Larson's relations arise where surface-density-limited samples are considered, is also consistent with our data. There are no significant differences found between source properties for the MYSOs and H ii regions, suggesting that the core properties are established prior to the formation of massive stars, which subsequently have little impact at the later evolutionary stages investigated. There is a strong correlation between dust-continuum and C18O-gas masses, supporting the interpretation that both trace the same material in these IR-bright sources. A clear linear relationship is seen between the independently established core masses and luminosities. The position of MYSOs and compact H ii regions in the mass–luminosity plane is consistent with the luminosity expected from a cluster of protostars when using an ∼40 per cent star formation efficiency and indicates that they are at a similar evolutionary stage, near the end of the accretion phase.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2017 12:08
Last Modified: 23 May 2022 14:53
DOI or ID number: 10.1093/mnras/stv1334
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5391
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