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Pathway to the Galactic Distribution of Planets: Combined Spitzer and Ground-Based Microlens Parallax Measurements of 21 Single-Lens Events

Novati, SC, Gould, A, Udalski, A, Menzies, JW, Bond, IA, Shvartzvald, Y, Street, RA, Hundertmark, M, Beichman, CA, Yee, JC, Carey, S, Poleski, R, Skowron, J, Kozlowski, S, Mroz, P, Pietrukowicz, P, Pietrzynski, G, Szymanski, MK, Soszynski, I, Ulaczyk, K , Wyrzykowski, L, Albrow, M, Beaulieu, JP, Caldwell, JAR, Cassan, A, Coutures, C, Danielski, C, Prester, DD, Donatowicz, J, Loncaric, K, McDougall, A, Morales, JC, Ranc, C, Zhu, W, Abe, F, Barry, RK, Bennett, DP, Bhattacharya, A, Fukunaga, D, Inayama, K, Koshimoto, N, Namba, S, Sumi, T, Suzuki, D, Tristram, PJ, Wakiyama, Y, Yonehara, A, Maoz, D, Kaspi, S, Friedmann, M, Bachelet, E, Jaimes, RF, Bramich, DM, Tsapras, Y, Horne, K, Snodgrass, C, Wambsganss, J, Steele, IA, Kains, N, Bozza, V, Dominik, M, Jorgensen, UG, Alsubai, KA, Ciceri, S, D'Ago, G, Haugbolle, T, Hessman, FV, Hinse, TC, Juncher, D, Korhonen, H, Mancini, L, Popovas, A, Rabus, M, Rahvar, S, Scarpetta, G, Schmidt, RW, Skottfelt, J, Southworth, J, Starkey, D, Surdej, J, Wertz, O, Zarucki, M, Gaudi, BS, Pogge, RW, De Poy, DL and Collaboration, TOGLE (2015) Pathway to the Galactic Distribution of Planets: Combined Spitzer and Ground-Based Microlens Parallax Measurements of 21 Single-Lens Events. Astrophysical Journal, 804 (1). ISSN 0004-637X

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We present microlens parallax measurements for 21 (apparently) isolated lenses observed toward the Galactic bulge that were imaged simultaneously from Earth and Spitzer, which was ~1 AU west of Earth in projection. We combine these measurements with a kinematic model of the Galaxy to derive distance estimates for each lens, with error bars that are small compared to the Sun's galactocentric distance. The ensemble therefore yields a well-defined cumulative distribution of lens distances. In principle, it is possible to compare this distribution against a set of planets detected in the same experiment in order to measure the Galactic distribution of planets. Since these Spitzer observations yielded only one planet, this is not yet possible in practice. However, it will become possible as larger samples are accumulated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical And Space Sciences, 0305 Organic Chemistry, 0306 Physical Chemistry (Incl. Structural)
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: American Astronomical Society; IOP Publishing
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Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 09:09
Last Modified: 18 May 2022 09:59
DOI or ID number: 10.1088/0004-637X/804/1/20
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6386
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