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Laboratory Studies to Examine the Properties of a Novel Cold-Asphalt Concrete Binder Course Mixture Containing Binary Blended Cementitious Filler (BBCF)

Dulaimi, AF, Al Nageim, H, Ruddock, F and Seton, L (2017) Laboratory Studies to Examine the Properties of a Novel Cold-Asphalt Concrete Binder Course Mixture Containing Binary Blended Cementitious Filler (BBCF). Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 29 (9). ISSN 0899-1561

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Conventional hot asphalt mixtures have an impact on global warming and CO2 emissions contributing to debates on environmental issues which have been raised in recent years. As an alternative, cold emulsion asphalt mixtures (CBEMs) provide considerable benefits such as eco-friendliness, energy efficiency and cost effectiveness connected with safety. However, their weak early strength along with the need for longer curing times (usually 2-24 months) and higher moisture susceptibility compared to hot asphalt mixtures, have been cited as obstacles to their wider application. That said, the incorporation of waste materials in CBEM mixtures enhances sustainability by decreasing the amount of industrial waste materials needed and conserving natural resources. A new binary blended cement filler (BBCF) material generated from high calcium fly ash (HCFA) and fluid catalytic cracking catalyst (FC3R) was found to be very effective in providing microstructural integrity with a novel fast-curing cold asphalt concrete for the binder course (CACB) mixture. Laboratory performance tests included the stiffness modulus test by indirect tension to cylindrical samples, wheel-tracking tests and water sensitivity. Regarding environmental issues, a toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) test was performed to analyse the leachate from various specimens comprising concentrations of heavy metal. The findings of these tests have demonstrated that CACB performs extremely well compared to traditional hot mixtures. The stiffness modulus of the BBCF treated mixture – 3730 MPa after 3 days – is higher than the traditional hot mixture (100/150 pen). In addition, the BBCF treated mixture offered a superior performance regarding rutting resistance, fatigue resistance and water susceptibility as well as revealing a considerably lower thermal sensitivity. More significantly, the BBCF treated mixture was found comparable to the traditional asphalt concrete binder course after a very short curing time (1 day). Finally, the concentration of heavy metals in the specimens incorporating the BBCF was observed to be less than the regulatory levels determined for hazardous materials and so requirements were satisfied. Consequently, this BBCF treated mixture has significant potential with reference to its application as a binder course in asphalt pavement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0905 Civil Engineering, 0912 Materials Engineering
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Civil Engineering (merged with Built Env 10 Aug 20)
Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2017 11:14
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 11:01
DOI or ID number: 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001975
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7504
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