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The Application of Gaussian Mixture Models for the Identification of At-Risk Learners in Massive Open Online Courses

Alshabandar, R, Hussain, A, Keight, R, Laws, A and Baker, T (2018) The Application of Gaussian Mixture Models for the Identification of At-Risk Learners in Massive Open Online Courses. In: 2018 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC) . (IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, 08 July 2018 - 13 July 2018, Brazil).

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With high learner withdrawal rates in the setting of MOOC plat-forms, the early identification of at risk student groups has be-come increasingly important. Although many prior studies con-sider the dropout issue in form of a sequence classification prob-lem, such works address only a limited set of behavioral dynamics, typically recorded as sequance of weekly interval, neglecting important contextual factors such as assignment deadlines that may be important components of student latent engagement. In this paper we therefore aim to investigate the use of Gaussian Mixture Models for the incorporation such im-portant dynamics, providing an analytical assessment of the in-fluence of latent engagement on students and their subsequent risk of leaving the course. Additionally, linear regression and , k- nearest neighbors classifiers were used to provide a performance comparison. The features used in the study were constructed from student behavioral records, capturing activity over time, which were subsequently organized into six time intervals, corre-sponding to assignment submission dates. Results obtained from the classification procedure yielded an F1-Measure of 0.835 for the Gaussian Mixture Model, indicating that such an approach holds promise for the identification of at risk students within the MOOC setting.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Divisions: Computer Science & Mathematics
Publisher: IEEE Publishing
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2018 09:25
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 11:55
DOI or ID number: 10.1109/CEC.2018.8477770
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8486
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