Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Development and Validation of an Implicit Measure of Meta-Motivational States

Thomas, LB, Hudson, J and Oliver, EJ (2015) Development and Validation of an Implicit Measure of Meta-Motivational States. Journal of Motivation, Emotion, and Personality, 4. pp. 15-25. ISSN 2331-2343

Development and Validation of An Implicit Measure of Meta-motivational States.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.

Download (132kB) | Preview


The development of an easily-administered, valid and reliable meta-motivational state measure, capable of assessing the full spectrum of states, is needed to further the understanding and application of reversal theory (Apter, 2013). The present paper outlines an adaptation of the Stroop protocol to implicitly measure meta-motivational states and two subsequent validation studies. Consistent with Stroop principles, we hypothesized that state congruent stimuli would capture individuals’ attention causing an increased response latency (e.g., Ayres & Sonandre, 2002). Study one (n = 68) assessed the concurrent validity of the Meta-Motivational Stroop task (MMS) against two widely-used explicit measures of state, the Telic/Paratelic State Inventory (T/PSI; O’Connell & Calhoun, 2001) and the State of Mind Indicator for Athletes (SOMIFA; Kerr & Apter, 1999). Contrary to expectations, emotionally incongruent stimuli caused a delayed response, interpreted as an interference eff ect (Rothermund, 2003). Study two (n = 30) manipulated state, through expressive writing and imagery, to assess the ability of the Stroop task to detect changes in state. Results o ered some support for the interference eff ect, with incongruent stimuli resulting in an increased response latency when writing from a telic perspective. Taken together, results suggest an implicit measure of meta-motivational state has some promise, particularly given the observed limitations of explicit measures.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV561 Sports
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 10:26
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 02:04
DOI or ID number: 10.12689/jmep.2015.403
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9907
View Item View Item