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An experimental study on boundary layer transition detection over a pitching supercritical airfoil using hot-film sensors

Tabrizian, A, Tatar, M, Masdari, M, Eivazi, H and Seddighi, M (2020) An experimental study on boundary layer transition detection over a pitching supercritical airfoil using hot-film sensors. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 86. ISSN 0142-727X

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In the present work, experimental tests are conducted to study boundary layer transition over a supercritical airfoil undergoing pitch oscillations using hot-film sensors. Tests have been undertaken at an incompressible flow. Three reduced frequencies of oscillations and two mean angles of attack are studied and the influences of those parameters on transition location are discussed. Different algorithms are examined on the hot-film signals to detect the transition point. Results show the formation of a laminar separation bubble near the leading edge and at relatively higher angles of attack which leads to the transition of the boundary layer. However, at lower angles of attack, the amplification of the peaks in voltage signal indicate the emergence of the vortical structures within the boundary layer, introducing a different transition mechanism. Moreover, an increase in reduced frequency leads to a delay in transition onset, postponing it to a higher angle of attack, which widens the hysteresis between the upstroke and downstroke motions. Rising the reduced frequency yields in weakening or omission of vortical disturbances ensuing the removal of spikes in the signals. Of the other important results observed, is faster movement of the relaminarization point in the higher mean angle of attack. Finally, a time–frequency analysis of the hot-film signals is performed to investigate evolution of spectral features of the transition due to the pitching motion. An asymmetry is clearly observed in frequency pattern of the signals far from the bubble zone towards the trailing edge; this may reflect the difference between the transition and relaminarization physics. Also, various ranges of frequency were obtained for different transition mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0901 Aerospace Engineering, 0913 Mechanical Engineering, 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2020 10:29
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 00:50
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2020.108743
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14028
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