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Exploration of meaning, motivation, and preparedness to care amongst the One‐Child Policy generation in China

Bifarin, O, Quinn, C, Breen, L, Yu, L and Oyebode, J (2023) Exploration of meaning, motivation, and preparedness to care amongst the One‐Child Policy generation in China. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. ISSN 0885-6230

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.5887 (Published version)


Objectives: In China there is a cultural expectation (Xiao, 孝- filial piety) that offspring should provide care for their parents. However, the sustainability of this is threatened by the impact of the One-Child Policy (1979-2015), which has resulted in a diminution in numbers of children available to care, rapid urbanisation and increase in the number of women in employment. In this context, the objective was to explore the motivations, meaning, and preparedness for future caregiving of offspring affected by the OCP.
Design and Methods: We adopted a constructivist position using a hermeneutic phenomenology approach and interviewed eight current and prospective caregivers aged 20-35 years about future caregiving responsibilities. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews, analysed using reflective Thematic Analysis.
Results and conclusion(s): Three prominent themes: (i) Caregiving beliefs, (ii) Caregiving conditions and (iii) Contextual factors were identified under an overarching theme “Competing pressures- meanings, motivation and preparedness”. Despite the inherent stress, participants envisaged providing or organising care in the future to fulfil Xiao, and most viewed long-term care settings as unviable. Ultimately, the findings suggested that the actual performance of caregiving would not always measure up to ideal expectations, resulting in ‘filial discrepancy’ i.e., a gap between societal expectations for caregiving to older relatives and actual caregiving performance. This could adversely impact the caregivers and quality of care provided. The findings highlighted the urgent need to develop culturally attuned services, including education and training for family caregivers, health and social care professionals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences; 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Sciences; Geriatrics
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Nursing & Allied Health
Publisher: Wiley
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2023 10:35
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2023 11:14
DOI or ID number: 10.1002/gps.5887
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18819
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