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Improving the mechanical behavior of pervious concrete using polypropylene and waste rope fibers

Abeer, SZ, Abdulridha, SQ, Salah Nasr, M, Ali Hasan, Z and Shubbar, A (2024) Improving the mechanical behavior of pervious concrete using polypropylene and waste rope fibers. Al-Qadisiyah Journal for Engineering Sciences, 17 (1). pp. 38-46. ISSN 1998-4456

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Urbanization has led to the damage of infrastructure due to floods and water accumulation on roads and sidewalks. To address this problem, pervious concrete was designed to drain water smoothly. However, pervious concrete has certain drawbacks, such as brittleness and poor tensile strength. To overcome these shortcomings, it is reinforced with fiber. Polypropylene fibers are commonly used for this purpose. On the other hand, managing waste plastic is a major problem as it has a significant environmental impact and requires large areas for landfills. Waste rope fibers (WRF) are among these wastes. There have been very limited investigations on the use of WRF in pervious concrete. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effect of polypropylene (PP) fibers and waste rope fibers (WRF) on the mechanical and structural properties of pervious concrete. PP and WRF fibers were added in proportions of 0.25%, 0.5%, and 0.75% by volume of concrete. A range of tests (compressive strength, tensile strength, density, permeability, load-deflection behavior, and ductility) were conducted to evaluate the resulting concrete. The results indicated that although the permeability was decreased by adding fibers, the fibers significantly improved the mechanical and structural properties of pervious concrete. The highest values for compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and ultimate load were 83.4%, 72.4%, and 89.62% for PP fibers-based mixtures, while they were 49.9%, 41.9%, and 102.83% for mixtures made with WRF at an addition rate of 0.5% for both types of fibers. The results also demonstrated that the existence of fibers improved the ductility of the concrete, which means that WRF can be used successfully in producing eco-friendly pervious concrete with better performance than the control specimen.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Divisions: Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Publisher: University of Al-Qadisiyah, College of Engineering Sciences
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2024 15:53
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2024 16:00
DOI or ID number: 10.30772/qjes.2024.146598.1114
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/22940
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