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Pain Processing in Psychiatric Conditions: A systematic review

Vaughan, S, Fallia, M, Poole, H, Forshaw, MJ, McGlone, FP, Cascio, C and Moore, DJ Pain Processing in Psychiatric Conditions: A systematic review. Review of General Psychology. ISSN 1089-2680 (Accepted)

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Abstract

Objective: Pain experience is fundamental to our environmental learning when functioning typically. Alterations in this experience is often reported to occur in individuals with certain psychiatric conditions, suggesting there may be pathological alterations in the underlying mechanisms, however there is a dearth of experimental evidence. The improvement of technology for measuring pain perceptions and these mechanisms has led to a renewed interest in this area. In order to examine the research into the pain experiences of these groups and the extent to which a-typicality is present, a systematic review was conducted. Methods: An electronic search strategy was developed and conducted in several databases. Results: The current systematic review included 47 studies covering five DSM-5 disorders: autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, schizophrenia, personality disorder and eating disorders, confirming tentative evidence of altered pain and touch processing. Specifically, hyposensitivity is reported in schizophrenia, personality disorder and eating disorder, hypersensitivity in ADHD and mixed results for autism. Conclusions: Review of the research highlights a degree of methodological inconsistency in the utilisation of comprehensive protocols; the lack of which fails to allow us to understand whether atypicality is systemic or modality specific.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2019 10:48
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2019 10:53
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10475

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