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Forward and backward digit span difficulties in children with specific learning disorder

Giofré, D and Stoppa, E and Ferioli, P and Pezzuti, L and Cornoldi, C (2016) Forward and backward digit span difficulties in children with specific learning disorder. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. ISSN 1380-3395

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Giofrè, D., Stoppa, E., Ferioli, P., Pezzuti, L., & Cornoldi, C. (2016). Forward and backward digit span difficulties in children with specific learning disorder.pdf - Accepted Version

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Abstract

This study examined performance in the forward and backward digit span task of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Fourth Edition (WISC–IV) in a large group of children with specific learning disorder (SLD) as compared with a group of typically developing children matched for age and sex. Our results further support the hypothesis that the intellectual difficulties of children with SLD involve working memory in the forward digit span task to a greater extent than in the backward digit span task. The correlation of the two spans with a General Ability Index (GAI) was similar in SLD, and smaller in magnitude than in typically developing children. Despite a GAI within normal range, children with SLD had difficulty with both digit span tasks, but more so for forward span. This pattern was similar for different SLD profiles with clinical diagnoses of dyslexia and mixed disorder, but the impairments were more severe in the latter. Age differences were also investigated, demonstrating larger span impairment in older children with SLD than in younger.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology on 4 Jan 16 available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13803395.2015.1125454
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1109 Neurosciences, 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2016 15:56
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2017 00:50
DOI or Identification number: 10.1080/13803395.2015.1125454
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2615

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