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Development of a Closed Loop Control System for Vibratory Milling

Alharbi, WNH (2018) Development of a Closed Loop Control System for Vibratory Milling. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

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Abstract

Manufacturing makes ever-increasing demands for higher machining speeds. This is particularly true in car and aircraft production, but also for cutting tools. Vibration is used in various technological processes to improve the performance of the machines by intelligently exploiting the synergy of the oscillations. Vibration provides several benefits for various technologies, such as manufacturing, medical, communications, transport, industries, etc. Vibration assisted machining techniques have recently become an area of interest for many engineering applications. In machining processes, vibration can lead to improvements when applied in a controlled manner. Vibration assisted machining is a technique in which a certain frequency of vibration is applied to the cutting tool or the Workpiece to achieve better cutting performance The aim of this project is to apply vibration to the work-piece during milling process in order to improve the machining performance. In this project, a theoretical modelling and experimental implementation of vibratory milling process are presented and explored in depth. The modelling focused on the control system which tracked and regulated the vibration amplitude in the cutting zone during machining. Here, hardware and software of advanced technology of LabVIEW applications were used to develop implement and optimise the control system. The machine tool static, dynamic and compliance characteristics were investigated in terms of static analysis, natural frequencies and dynamic stiffness, using harmonic excitation, hammer impact test and the application of external forces. Preliminary studies were undertaken, where, the effect of cutting parameters were evaluated and the optimal cutting conditions were determined. Series of machining tests were undertaken, with the aim of recording process performance data in terms of cutting forces that were used for the development of the control system. A closed loop PID controller was developed using advanced Field-Programming-Gate-Array (FPGA) and Real-time Labview applications, using a non-interrupted real time target PC. An innovative and unique combination of FPGA and target PC allow the control system to have a very fast response in keeping the set amplitude of the vibration whilst recording simultaneously the machining data for further analysis. Aluminium and mild Steel were using in this investigation, along with a comparative study between conventional and vibratory milling and between open loop and closed loop control systems. The results of this investigation show the benefits of the superimposed vibration. The outperformance of the vibratory machining over the conventional milling provides a very promising outlook for the application of subsonic vibration into machining as an alternative to ultrasonic process.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: control system, PID controller, vibratory milling
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: General Engineering Research Institute
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2018 08:15
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2018 08:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.24377/LJMU.t.00008456
Supervisors: Batako, A, Gomm, JB and Chen, X
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8456

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