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Critical Infrastructure Automated Immuno-Response System (CIAIRS)

Badri, SKA (2018) Critical Infrastructure Automated Immuno-Response System (CIAIRS). Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.

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Abstract

Critical Infrastructures play a central role in the world around us and are the backbone of everyday life. Their service provision has become more widespread, to the point where it is now practically ubiquitous in many societies. Critical Infrastructure assets contribute to the economy and society as a whole. Their impact on the security, economy and health sector are extremely vital. Critical Infrastructures now possess levels of automation that require the integration of, often, mutually incompatible technologies. Their increasing complexity has led to the creation of direct and indirect interdependent connections amongst the infrastructure groupings. In addition, the data generated is vast as the intricate level of interdependency between infrastructures has grown. Since Critical Infrastructures are the backbone of everyday life, their protection from cyber-threats is an increasingly pressing issue for governments and private industries. Any failures, caused by cyber-attacks, have the ability to spread through interconnected systems and are a challenge to detect; especially as the Internet is now heavily reliant on Critical Infrastructures. This has led to different security threats facing interconnected security systems. Understanding the complexity of Critical Infrastructure interdependencies, how to take advantage of it in order to minimize the cascading problem, enables the prediction of potential problems before they happen. Therefore, this work firstly discusses the interdependency challenges facing Critical Infrastructures; and how it can be used to create a support network against cyber-attacks. In much, the same way as the human immune system is able to respond to intrusion. Next, the development of a distributed support system is presented. The system employs behaviour analysis techniques to support interconnected infrastructures and distribute security advice throughout a distributed system of systems. The approach put forward is tested through a statistical analysis methodology, in order to investigate the cascading failure effect whilst taking into account the independent variables. Moreover, our proposed system is able to detect cyber-attacks and share the knowledge with interconnected partners to create an immune system network. The development of the ‘Critical Infrastructure Auto-Immune Response System’ (CIAIRS) is presented with a detailed discussion on the main segments that comprise the framework and illustrates the functioning of the system. A semi-structured interview helped to demonstrate our approach by using a realistic simulation to construct data and evaluate the system output.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Critical Infrastructure, Critical Infrastructure Protection, Behaviour Observation, Classification, Interdependency, Statistical Analysis Methods, Big Data, Distributed System, System of Systems, Data Analysis, Cyber-attack, Simulation, Immune System, Statistical Descriptive, Dataset, SCADA, UTM
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Computer Science
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2018 10:38
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2018 10:38
DOI or Identification number: 10.24377/LJMU.t.00009075
Supervisors: Fergus, P
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9075

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