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Attachment anxiety predicts depression and anxiety symptoms following coronary artery bypass graft surgery

Kidd, T, Poole, L, Ronaldson, A, Leigh, E, Jahangiri, M and Steptoe, A (2016) Attachment anxiety predicts depression and anxiety symptoms following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. British Journal of Health Psychology, 21 (4). pp. 796-811. ISSN 1359-107X

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Abstract

Objective. Depression and anxiety are associated with poor recovery in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients, but little is known about predictors of depression and anxiety symptoms. Design. We tested the prospective association between attachment orientation, and symptoms of depression and anxiety in CABG patients, 6–8 weeks, and 12 months following surgery. Method. One hundred and fifty-five patients who were undergoing planned CABG surgery were recruited. Patients completed questionnaires measuring attachment, depression, and anxiety prior to surgery, then 6–8 weeks, and 12 months after surgery. Results. Attachment anxiety predicted symptoms of depression and anxiety at both follow-up time points, whereas attachment avoidance was not associated with depression or anxiety symptoms. The findings remained significant when controlling for baseline mood scores, social support, demographic, and clinical risk factors. Conclusion. These results suggest that attachment anxiety is associated with short- term and long-term depression and anxiety symptoms following CABG surgery. These results may offer important insight into understanding the recovery process in CABG surgery.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1117 Public Health And Health Services, 1608 Sociology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RD Surgery
Divisions: Natural Sciences and Psychology
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2018 11:49
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2018 05:04
DOI or Identification number: 10.1111/bjhp.12191
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9198

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