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Settlement Prediction of Model Piles Embedded in Sandy Soil Using the Levenberg–Marquardt (LM) Training Algorithm

Jebur, AAJ, Atherton, W, Al Khaddar, RM and Loffill, E (2018) Settlement Prediction of Model Piles Embedded in Sandy Soil Using the Levenberg–Marquardt (LM) Training Algorithm. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 36 (5). pp. 2893-2906. ISSN 0960-3182

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Abstract

This investigation aimed to examine the load carrying capacity of model piles embedded in sandy soil and to develop a predictive model to simulate pile settlement using a new artificial neural network (ANN) approach. A series of experimental pile load tests were carried out on model concrete piles, comprised of three piles with slenderness ratios of 12, 17 and 25. This was to provide an initial dataset to establish the ANN model, in attempt at making current, in situ pile-load test methods unnecessary. Evolutionary Levenberg–Marquardt (LM) MATLAB algorithms, enhanced by T-tests and F-tests, were developed and applied in this process. The model piles were embedded in a calibration chamber in three densities of sand; loose, medium and dense. According to the statistical analysis and the relative importance study, pile lengths, applied load, pile flexural rigidity, pile aspects ratio, and sand-pile friction angle were found to play a key role in pile settlement at different contribution levels, following the order: P > δ > lc/d > lc > EA. The results revealed that the optimum model of the LM training algorithm can be used to characterize pile settlement with good degree of accuracy. There was also close agreement between the experimental and predicted data with a root mean square error, (RMSE) and correlation coefficient (R) of 0.0025192 and 0.988, respectively. © 2018, Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Geotechnical and Geological Engineering. The final authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10706-018-0511-1
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0905 Civil Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Civil Engineering
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2018 08:09
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2018 16:06
DOI or Identification number: 10.1007/s10706-018-0511-1
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9507

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