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A systematic review on antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) oil and further confirmation of anti-inflammatory activity by chemical profiling and molecular docking

Afroz, M, Zihad, SMNK, Uddin, SJ, Rouf, R, Rahman, MS, Islam, MT, Khan, IN, Ali, S, Aziz, S, Shilpi, JA, Nahar, L and Sarker, SD A systematic review on antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) oil and further confirmation of anti-inflammatory activity by chemical profiling and molecular docking. Phytotherapy Research. ISSN 1099-1573 (Accepted)

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Abstract

Traditionally sesame oil has been used as a popular food and medicine. The review aims to summarize the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of sesame oil (SO) and its identified compounds as well as further fatty acid profiling and molecular docking study to correlate the interaction of its identified constituents with COX-2. For this, a literature study was made using Google Scholar, Pubmed and SciFinder databases. Literature study demonstrated that SO has potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in various test systems, including humans, animals and cultured cells through various pathways such as inhibition of COX, non-enzymatic defense mechanism, inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokines, NF-kB or MAPK signaling and prostaglandin synthesis pathway. Fatty acidanalysis of SO using gas chromatography identified known 9 fatty acids.In-silico study revealed thatsesamin, sesaminol, sesamolin, stigmasterol, Δ5-avenasterol, and Δ7-avenasterol(-9.6 to -10.7 kcal/mol) were the most efficient ligand for interaction and binding with COX-2. The known fatty acid were also showed binding efficiency with COX-2 to some extent (-6.0 to -8.4 kcal/mol).In summary, it is evident that sesame oil may be one of promising traditional medicine that we could use in the prevention and management of diseases associated with oxidative stress and inflammation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Medical and Health Sciences, 03 Chemical Sciences, 06 Biological Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2019 09:16
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2019 09:16
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10871

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