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Microstructure and wear resistance of (Nb,Ti)C carbide reinforced Fe matrix coating with different Ti contents and interfacial properties of (Nb,Ti)C/α-Fe

Zhao, C, Xing, X, Guo, J, Shi, Z, Zhou, Y, Ren, XJ and Yang, Q (2019) Microstructure and wear resistance of (Nb,Ti)C carbide reinforced Fe matrix coating with different Ti contents and interfacial properties of (Nb,Ti)C/α-Fe. Applied Surface Science, 494. pp. 600-609. ISSN 0169-4332

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Zhao et al 2019 accepted deposited 2019-10-15.pdf - Accepted Version
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Abstract

In this work, the (Nb,Ti)C reinforced Fe matrix coatings were prepared by gas metal arc welding (GMAW) hardfacing technology. The microstructure, hardness and wear resistance of (Nb,Ti)C reinforced coatings with different Ti contents were investigated by experiments. The interfacial properties of (Nb,Ti)C/α-Fe interfaces were calculated by first principles method based on density functional theory (DFT). The experiment results show that as the Ti content in the coating changes from 0.15 to 0.41 wt%, the average diameter of NbC primary carbide grains decreases from 3.2 μm to 1.7 μm and their amount increase from 0.35 to 0.51 μm−2. The coating with 0.15 wt% Ti performs the lowest wear loss, which is 0.47 g/N ∗ cm2. From the calculated results, the interfacial combination between carbide and matrix are improved after Ti addition. The adhesion work of (Nb,Ti)C/Fe interfaces show the following order: CNb-Fe < NbC-Fe < CTiNb-Fe < CNbTi-Fe < NbTiC-Fe < TiNbC-Fe. In CTiNb-Fe, CNbTi-Fe and CNb-Fe surfaces, weak Fe-M covalent bonds are formed at the interfaces. In NbC-Fe, NbTiC-Fe and TiNbC-Fe surfaces, strong Fe–C and M-C covalent bond can be found at (Nb,Ti)C/α-Fe interfaces, besides, Fe–C ionic bonds are also formed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Maritime & Mechanical Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2019 09:41
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2019 09:41
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.07.209
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11588

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