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On the separation between RR Lyrae and Type II Cepheids and their importance for distance determination: the case of $ω$ Cen

Braga, VF, Bono, G, Fiorentino, G, Stetson, PB, Dall'Ora, M, Salaris, M, Silva, RD, Fabrizio, M, Marinoni, S, Marrese, PM, Mateo, M, Matsunaga, N, Monelli, M and Wallerstein, G On the separation between RR Lyrae and Type II Cepheids and their importance for distance determination: the case of $ω$ Cen. Astronomy and Astrophysics. ISSN 0004-6361 (Accepted)

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Abstract

The separation between RR Lyrae (RRLs) and Type II Cepheid (T2Cs) variables based on their period is debated. Both types of variable stars are distance indicators and we aim to promote the use of T2Cs as distance indicators in synergy with RRLs. We adopted new and existing optical and Near-Infrared (NIR) photometry of \wcen~to investigate several diagnostics (colour-magnitude diagram, Bailey diagram, Fourier decomposition of the light curve, amplitude ratios) for their empirical separation. We found that the classical period threshold at 1 day is not universal and does not dictate the evolutionary stage: V92 has a period of 1.3 days but is likely to be still in its core Helium-burning phase, typical of RRLs. We also derived NIR Period-Luminosity relations and found a distance modulus of 13.65$\pm$0.07 (err.)$\pm$0.01 ($\sigma$) mag, in agreement with the recent literature. We also found that RRLs and T2Cs obey the same PL relations in the NIR. This equivalence gives the opportunity to adopt RRLs+T2Cs as an alternative to classical Cepheids to calibrate the extragalactic distance scale.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.SR; astro-ph.SR
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2020 10:59
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2020 10:59
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13859

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