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Careless Responding in Crowdsourced Alcohol Research: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Practices and Prevalence

Jones, A, Earnest, J, Adam, M, Clarke, R, Yates, J and Pennington, CR (2022) Careless Responding in Crowdsourced Alcohol Research: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Practices and Prevalence. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 30 (4). pp. 381-399. ISSN 1064-1297

Careless responding in crowdsourced alcohol research a systematic review and metaanalysis of practices and prevalence.pdf - Accepted Version

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Crowdsourcing - the process of using the internet to outsource research participation to “workers” - has considerable benefits, enabling research to be conducted quickly, efficiently, and responsively, diversifying participant recruitment, and allowing access to hard-to-reach samples. One of the biggest threats to this method of online data collection however is the prevalence of careless responders who can significantly affect data quality. The aims of this preregistered systematic review and meta-analysis were: (a) to examine the prevalence of screening for careless responding in crowdsourced alcohol-related studies; (b) to examine the pooled prevalence of careless responding; and (c) to identify any potential moderators of careless responding across studies. Our review identified 96 eligible studies (~126,130 participants), of which 51 utilized at least one measure of careless responding, 53.2%, 95% CI 42.7%–63.3%; ~75,334 participants. Of these, 48 reported the number of participants identified by careless responding method(s) and the pooled prevalence rate was ~11.7%, 95% CI 7.6%–16.5%. Studies using the MTurk platform identified more careless responders compared to other platforms, and the number of careless response items was positively associated with prevalence rates. The most common measure of careless responding was an attention check question, followed by implausible response times. We suggest that researchers plan for such attrition when crowdsourcing participants and provide practical recommendations for handling and reporting careless responding in alcohol research.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ©American Psychological Association, 2022 . This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. The final article is available, at 10.1037/pha0000546 :
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Prevalence; Reaction Time; Research Design; Crowdsourcing; Crowdsourcing; Humans; Prevalence; Reaction Time; Research Design; Substance Abuse; 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences; 1701 Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > ZA Information resources > ZA4050 Electronic information resources
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2022 08:11
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2022 08:11
DOI or ID number: 10.1037/pha0000546
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17801
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