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Analysis of grinding surface creation by single grit approach

Chen, X, Opoz, TT and Oluwajobi, A (2017) Analysis of grinding surface creation by single grit approach. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 139 (12). ISSN 1528-8935

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This paper presents some new research findings in the investigation of single grit grinding in terms of surface creation. The investigation demonstrated that rubbing-ploughing-cutting hypothesis of grinding material removal mechanism is valid in both experiments and simulations. A finite element model (FEM) was developed to simulate the material deformation during the grit interacts with the workpiece. It was found that the cutting mechanism is the more effective in the first half of the scratch where the grit penetrates the workpiece. The ploughing is a prominent mechanism in the second half of the scratch where the grit is climbing up along the scratch path and uplifting the material at the front and the sides of it. This observation is very important to provide a greater insight into the difference between up-cut and down-cut grinding material removal mechanisms. Multi passes scratch simulations were performed to demonstrate the influence of ploughing on the ground surface formation. Moreover, by analysing the effects of grinding conditions, the shape of cutting edges and friction in grinding zone on the grinding surface formation, some useful relations between grinding performance and controllable parameters have been identified. It has demonstrated that ploughing has significant influences on ground surface formation and concluded that the influence of grit shape, friction and grinding kinetic condition should be considered together for the ploughing behaviour control, which could provide a good guidance for the improvement of grinding efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0910 Manufacturing Engineering, 0913 Mechanical Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 08:53
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 11:14
DOI or ID number: 10.1115/1.4037992
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7083
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