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Experiencing fear appeals as a challenge or a threat influences attainment value and academic self-efficacy

Putwain, DW and Remedios, R and Symes, W (2015) Experiencing fear appeals as a challenge or a threat influences attainment value and academic self-efficacy. Learning and Instruction, 40. pp. 21-28. ISSN 0959-4752

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Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Fear appeals are persuasive messages that highlight the negative consequences of a particular course of action. Studies have shown that attainment value and academic self-efficacy predict how fear appeals are appraised. In this study we examined how the appraisal of fear appeals might also influence subsequent attainment value and academic self-efficacy. Self-report data were collected from 1433 students in their final two years of secondary education over three waves. Findings revealed that when students saw fear appeals as a challenge attainment value and academic self-efficacy were higher. When students saw fear appeals as a threat, attainment value and academic self-efficacy were lower. These results highlight the functional importance of how fear appeals are appraised. Challenge and threat appraisals were not mere by products of attainment value or academic self-efficacy but impacted on attainment value and academic self-efficacy; variables that are likely to make a critical impact on educational progress and attainment. We conclude that initial teacher education and teacher professional development programs would benefit from enhanced interpersonal and relational-skills training to enable teachers to judge more effectively how fear appeals are appraised.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1303 Specialist Studies In Education, 1701 Psychology
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions: School of Education
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2016 13:37
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2016 10:55
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2015.07.007
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3500

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