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The role of attainment value, academic self-efficacy, and message frame in the appraisal of value-promoting messages.

Symes, W and Putwain, DW (2016) The role of attainment value, academic self-efficacy, and message frame in the appraisal of value-promoting messages. British Journal of Educational Psychology. ISSN 2044-8279

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Prior to high-stakes examinations, teachers may use value-promoting messages (VPMs) to communicate to students the value and importance of their forthcoming examinations in the hope that they will adopt adaptive learning and study behaviours. These messages can focus on achieving success (gain-framed) or avoiding failure (loss-framed). AIMS: This study examined how secondary school students appraised hypothetical gain- and loss-framed VPMs, and how these appraisals differed according to self-reported levels of attainment value (AV) and academic self-efficacy (ASE). SAMPLES: In total, 539 secondary school students (284 male, 255 female, mean age 14.8 years) were participated in this study. METHODS: Participants completed self-report measures of AV and ASE and appraised hypothetical VPMs as challenging, threatening, or irrelevant (disregard). Participants were randomly assigned to a gain- or loss-framed condition. RESULTS: A challenge appraisal was greater in students with higher AV and ASE. A threat appraisal was greater in students with higher AV and lower ASE. A disregard appraisal was higher in students with lower AV. Message frame did not interact with AV or ASE in the appraisal of VPMs as challenging, threatening, or irrelevant. CONCLUSIONS: Educational practitioners should consider the characteristics of their students before using VPMs. In particular, they may not be effective for students high in AV and low in ASE. They are likely to be ineffective for students low in AV.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted version of the following article: "The role of attainment value, academic self-efficacy, and message frame in the appraisal of value-promoting messages", which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12117
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1303 Specialist Studies In Education, 1701 Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1603 Secondary Education. High schools
Divisions: School of Education
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 11:36
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2016 16:42
DOI or Identification number: 10.1111/bjep.12117
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3552

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