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Bioactive compounds from marine macroalgae and their hypoglycemic benefits

Zhao, C, Yang, C, Liu, B, Lin, L, Sarker, SD, Nahar, L, Yu, H, Cao, H and Xiao, J (2017) Bioactive compounds from marine macroalgae and their hypoglycemic benefits. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 72. pp. 1-12. ISSN 0924-2244

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a group of chronic metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia due to defects in insulin action and/or secretion. It is a worldwide problem which has led to illness and premature mortality for many people, and the number of diabetes cases has been rising sharply. Unluckily, many conventional antidiabetic agents either show limited efficacy or serious mechanism-based side effects. Marine macroalgae possess tremendous nutritional value and have been well-known to cure and prevent diabetes. An increased interest in various bioactive natural products from marine macroalgae, as a potential source of effective antidiabetic agents, has been observed in recent years. The effects of macroalgae may delay the development of diabetes and alter the metabolic abnormalities through various mechanisms of actions. This review provides an overview of marine macroalgae used to prevent and manage diabetes and explores the hypoglycemic properties of macroalgae-derived bioactive compounds such as polyphenol, bromophenols, sulfated polysaccharides, fucoidan, fucosterol, phlorotannins, carotenoid pigments and fucoxanthin with their probable mechanisms behind hypoglycemic activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0908 Food Sciences
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2017 10:50
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2017 10:50
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.tifs.2017.12.001
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7721

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