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Teachers use of fear appeals and timing reminders prior to high-stakes examinations: pressure from above, below, and within

Putwain, DW and von der Embse, NP (2018) Teachers use of fear appeals and timing reminders prior to high-stakes examinations: pressure from above, below, and within. Social Psychology of Education. ISSN 1381-2890

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Abstract

Teachers often communicate to students the consequences of success and failure (fear appeals) and the timing (timing reminders) of forthcoming examinations. Prior research has examined how fear appeals and teaching reminders are evaluated by students and how they relate to educational outcomes such as engagement. Few studies have addressed the use of these behaviours from a teacher’s perspective. We examined teacher use of consequence and timing reminders, used prior to examinations, and its relation to perceived accountability pressure, teacher self-efficacy, perceived importance of tested outcomes, and the belief that students would interpret such messages as threatening. Data were collected from 854 English primary and secondary school teachers. Results showed that fear appeals and timing reminders were used more frequently when teachers believed that tested outcomes were important, when they had lower self-efficacy to engage students, and when they believed that students would interpret messages as threatening. Timing reminders, but not fear appeals, were used more frequently when perceived accountability pressure was greater. These findings help to understand why teachers are using such behaviours. In this study it was pressures from above, below, and within. © 2018 The Author(s)

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 13 Education, 16 Studies In Human Society, 17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
Divisions: School of Education
Publisher: Springer
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2018 09:16
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2018 09:16
DOI or Identification number: 10.1007/s11218-018-9448-8
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8954

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